Difficulty swallowing/Dysphagia

Dysphagia is defined as difficulty in swallowing or the sensation of an obstruction in the passage of food (solid and/or liquid) anywhere from the mouth to the stomach. Dysphagia can be subdivided into two forms: oropharyngeal dysphagia and esophageal dysphagia. 

Oropharyngeal dysphagia results in difficulty preparing the food for swallowing or transferring a bolus of food from the oral cavity to the esophagus. Patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia report difficulty initiating a swallow, coughing, choking, drooling or nasal regurgitation. Causes of oropharyngeal dysphagia are usually neuromuscular (Parkinson’s, ALS, myasthenia gravis, stroke, tumor etc.) or structural (thyromegaly, zenker’s diverticulum, cervical hyperostosis etc.).

Esophageal dysphagia results in sensation of food sticking in the throat or the chest, chest pain or regurgitation of food. Causes of esophageal dysphagia include motility disorder, stricture, food allergy, psychosocial stress etc.

To make an appointment with one of our gastroenterologists for evaluation, please contact us

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