Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that affects the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. It causes chronic inflammation, leading to ulcers, or open sores, in the colon. These ulcers can result in symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and weight loss.

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune factors. There is no cure for ulcerative colitis, but treatment options such as medications, surgery, and lifestyle changes can help manage symptoms and prevent complications. It is important to see a doctor if you are experiencing any symptoms of ulcerative colitis, as prompt treatment can help prevent long-term damage to the colon and improve quality of life.

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