What Are Anal Warts?

Anal Warts, also called condyloma acuminata, are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases that affect both men and women. Rectal warts are growths that can occur in the skin around the genitals and anus. Some may even be inside the anal canal and these types of warts are observed predominantly in persons who have had receptive anal intercourse, although these can also occur in men and women who do not have a history of anal sexual contact.

Anus warts should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by a physician for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan as it may be a symptom or sign of a serious illness or condition.

Studies have found that people affected with certain types of anogenital warts are at an increased risk for developing anal cancer. The risk of cancer development increases further in those who are immunosuppressed or have an infection with HIV.

What Causes Anal Warts?

One of the anal warts causes is the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. It has many different subtypes, some of which have been associated with the development of cancer. The subtypes that lead to the development of anogenital warts do not usually cause cancers, however, this increases the chance of being infected with the other subtypes that do cause anal and cervical cancers. As mentioned previously, anogenital warts are the most common sexually transmitted disease and you do not need to have anal intercourse to develop rectal warts as any surrounding skin can be affected.